Monday, April 14, 2014

Shat Sampat

 Six Virtues or Shat Sampat  are areas of mental training as part of "sadhana chatushtaya". It is the practice on the path of Self-Realization of the school of Vedanta or Jnana Yoga.

1) Kshama - Tranquility, i.e. the control  and peace of the mind.
It is difficult to confront a mind because minds are intelligent, and they react. But reaction is not the way in which we have to conduct yourself towards an action. Thus, this practice is a foundation on which the other practices can rest.

2)  Dhama - Training, i.e. the control of the senses. We are not merely an intellect, but also an emotion. When we lack dhama, our senses will do what they want. If they are kept under control, even though we depend heavily upon our senses in practical life, inwardly you are rooted in serenity.

3)  Uparati - Withdrawal is a form of internal renunciation. The first expression of uparati in our personality is detaching from actions that are intensely selfish. Actually, it is not just a question of detaching from them but renouncing them altogether. If we begin to develop a sense of detachment from actions, we no longer want the fruits of our actions. 

4)  Titiksha - Forbearance is tolerance or endurance in regard to conditions prevailing outside, natural as well as social. As Adi Shankara says: The bearing of all afflictions without caring to redress them, being free at the same time from anxiety or lament on their score is called titiksha or forbearance (Vivekchudamani, 24). Eventually, in each event of our life we can see the inner law that operates behind any given circumstance, and to appreciate it.

5)  Shraddha - Faith. What it is possible to tell here? The faith is a permanent value which we seek in this changing world. And it is not that we have been told that something is; therefore, we believe that something has to be, merely because we have been told so. Because of it, the doubt is nearby. It is a mind's business. But in his effort to analyse, the mind forgets that this peculiar nature called God, which it is trying to understand, is not capable of an analysis along the lines of logic because while we may accept God as a kind of object, and may even call Him the Supreme Object, He is not an object of the mind.

6)  Samadhana - Focus is the state in which the mind is tranquil and undistracted because we are no longer dependent upon objects. It is concentration when the consciousness fixes itself with its attention on that which it wants. Adi Sankara defines it: "Whenever a mind engaged in shravana, manana and nididhasana wanders to any worldly object or desire, and finding it worthless, returns to the performance of the three exercises – such returning is called samadhana."

Yes, the object is really an illusion, but it is really not there. Love.


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